In the present times it has been very difficult to get a sufficient quantity of water in a number of states. Water is supplied to various places in Maharashtra in trains. People have to struggle hard and get involved in a race to obtain sufficient quantity of water. Many times Section 144 has to be enforced so that this struggle may not turn serious or destructive. When there is a condition of water scarcity, never can we expect to obtain fresh drinking water for agricultural or industrial or other purposes. Seventy years have passed since India attained freedom. It is due to lack of proper and efficient water management that even today it has not been quite possible to supply water in sufficient quantity to all the people of the country. It is truly said that we start digging a well when we are thirsty. How true! When a situation of drought arises or when water crisis reaches a severe state, the persons in authority initiate talks of water management. But as soon as the monsoon sets in, the issue of water crisis pales into insignificance and is totally forgotten. This has been the mentality or the attitude of the authorities. Nobody ever bothers to think or care about the important issue of water management. Now the time has come when we have to make serious, tireless efforts to find out a permanent solution of water crisis. Even when plenty of water is available and there is no sign of water scarcity, we have to strive to find a permanent solution of the problem of water scarcity. This type of efficient management, planned and executed in advance, is the only way to keep away from water crisis. Able management of water can enable us to obtain water in adequate quantity even in the time of drought. The country has 30 crore hectares of aerable land. If all the farmers adopt the micro irrigation method of TAPAK SINCHAI, only 25% of total water storage will be sufficient to irrigate all this aerable land and the remaining 75% of water can be stored by constructing dams and also under the ground. This conserved water may be supplied to the people if a condition of drought arises. Aware and awakened farmers who are keen on using TAPAK SINCHAI methods to irrigate their fields are able to save 75% of total water storage. Another advantage of this irrigation method is that the quantity of fertilizers required also drops down to 25%. It also increases their agricultural produce and improves the quality of crops. Moreover the fertility of the soil is also maintained. TAPAK SINCHAI method will give rise to a number of employment opportunities. If we adopt the TAPAK SINCHAI method to irrigate all 30 crore hectares of aerable land all over the nation, many machines and instruments like pipes, sprinklers and filters will need to be manufactured in factories and this will hopefully lead to creation of employment opportunities for the young. Most importantly, it will settle the serious and severe problem of water scarcity. Farmers will be in a position to obtain sufficient quantity of water for irrigation. Never will they experience the fear of water scarcity and never will they face any frustration which may lead them to commit suicide. This faith that they are never going to face water crisis or crop failure will give them strength and motivation to do farming in a more efficient way. Workers directly related to agriculture will be able to avail themselves of jobs. These financially sound farmers and workers will pay tax honestly. This will strengthen the economy of the nation. A well organized management is required to reap all these benefits yielded by the TAPAK SINCHAI METHOD. There are a number of dams such as Sardar Sarowar, Indira Sagar, Bhkhra, Kaveri in our country. The water stored in these dams goes to canals and a large or enormous quantity of water is wasted. Water flows from the main canal to the sub-canals and then reaches the fields through DHORIYA NETWORK. A very large quantity of water is wasted on account of these DHORIYA NETWORKS. Repairing as well as maintenance of 3 these DHORIYA NETWORKS is also very expensive. Hence it is advisable that water should be made to flow from the sub-canals to a network of pipelines instead of DHORIYA NETWORKS. This water should reach the field through this PIPELINES NETWORK and then the farmer should do farming using the micro irrigation method- TAPAK SINCHAI. This type of planning will conserve 75% of total water. This water will be conserved or stored in the dams or under the land and it can be supplied to those fields which are facing water crisis and to those villages which are not getting sufficient drinking water. Water infested and polluted by the industrial waste and the sewage and waste water produced by every household should be purified completely and only then farmers should use this purified water for farming using the TAPAK SINCHAI method. This will yield two benefits- Farmers will obtain adequate quantity of water for irrigation The project of PURIFICATION OF RIVERS will also be boosted. ::: Efficient and Concrete Planning For the Solution of Water Crisis ::: 1. Constructing ponds, field ponds, canals and a series of check dams on the rivers for conserving water. 2. Water conserved in all the dams and other storages should be made to flow to the farmers’ fields through a Network of Pipelines. 3. 30 crore hectares of aerable land all over the nation should be irrigated by TAPAK SINCHAI method only. 4. Water infested and polluted by the industrial waste and by the sewage and waste water produced by every household should be purified so that it can be used for agriculture. Both the Central Government as well as all the State Governments should make and implement Big-Budget Mega Projects of water management, keeping in view the above-mentioned 4 important points. Not only this- they should see to it that all these projects are perfectly and efficiently accomplished in time. All the farmers should do the work assigned to them with interest and enthusiasm, taking the benefits of various government projects and schemes. Each and every farmer should adopt the TAPAK SINCHAI method of irrigation. All the efforts should be made to raise awareness of the importance of water and its conservation. Every aware and responsible citizen of the country should explain to all the people the importance of water and its conservation and try to persuade them not to waste a single drop of water. They should try to make them aware that India is an agricultural country and all our businesses and the development of the nation depend on the country’s agricultural progress. The country can enrich its agriculture only if water is available in sufficient quantity for irrigation. Efficient and proper management alone can keep us away from the problem of water- scarcity. So both the Government and all the people of the country should make dedicated efforts to do proper water-management. Since 1998 Saurashtra Jal Dhara Trust has been making dedicated efforts to keep the Water Conservation Project successfully active. In 1998 the total agricultural production of Gujarat was 7,000 crore. It has risen to 1,11,000 crores in the year 2014-15. The Water Conservation Project has played a very important role in this agricultural development. But in Gujarat a lot more remains to be done in the field of proper water management. It is only by means of efficient and proper water management that the water crisis can be solved successfully all over the country. Both the central government and all the state governments should make all the dedicated efforts to solve the problem of water scarcity.
Mathurbhai M. Savani
(President Saurashtra Jaldhara Trust)
Mo. +91 9825135552